Enfermedades infecciosas clínicas: acceso abierto

Wound Care Techniques and Dressings to Reduce Surgical Site Infections: Evidence and Recommendations


Davoli Chiara

Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) are a significant concern in healthcare settings, contributing to patient morbidity, mortality, increased hospital stay and healthcare costs. Implementing effective wound care techniques and selecting appropriate dressings can play a crucial role in reducing the incidence of SSIs. In this article, we will explore the evidence-based recommendations for wound care techniques and dressings that have shown efficacy in reducing surgical site infections. Patients with certain risk factors are more prone to developing SSIs. These include advanced age, obesity, diabetes, smoking, immunosuppression, malnutrition and the presence of pre-existing infections. Patients may be required to undergo an antiseptic shower or receive preoperative antimicrobial agents to reduce the bacterial load on the skin. Hair removal, if necessary, should be done using clippers rather than shaving, as shaving can cause micro-cuts and increase the risk of infection.

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